Navigating the NIS 2 Directive: 10 Actionable Tips



OTORIO’s Solution


OTORIO’s Benefits

  • Ability to conduct a safe operational security posture assessment without disturbing ongoing operations.
  • Improved ROI on pre-existing security controls and solutions by leveraging existing technology investments.
  • A comprehensive security assessment report, providing senior management with a full picture of the company’s OT cyber security posture.
  • Quick risk mitigation and hardening of site-specific OT network risks and vulnerabilities.
  • The company went from only relying upon detection to adopting a continuous, proactive risk-based assessment, mitigation, and management strategy to secure its OT environment.

Critical infrastructure is heavily reliant on operational technology (OT) systems, and the need for robust cybersecurity measures has never been more critical.

The NIS 2 Directive, a regulatory framework established by the European Union, aims to address the growing cybersecurity threats facing critical infrastructure organizations. 

The legislation imposes stricter cybersecurity obligations on entities operating in various critical infrastructure sectors and important sectors. Updated from the original NIS Directive, it seeks to eliminate vagaries and expand its reach; the NIS2 Directive includes more sectors as well as guidelines for its uniform implementation across its member states.

This comprehensive guide provides ten actionable tips to help your organization achieve regulatory compliance with the NIS 2 Directive. We’ll explore what the directive is, its impact on various industries, and practical steps to ensure your compliance. Additionally, we’ll look into the implications of non-compliance and how OTORIO, a leading OT cybersecurity provider, can ensure NIS 2 compliance for your critical infrastructure.

What is the NIS 2 Directive?

The Network and Information Systems 2 Directive (NIS 2 Directive) is a regulatory framework established by the EU. It builds upon its predecessor, the NIS Directive, and aims to enhance the cybersecurity of critical infrastructure and digital service providers. It seeks to address the increasing threats to critical infrastructure and digital services by imposing stricter cybersecurity requirements and regulatory obligations.

The directive encompasses a range of industries, including energy, transport, healthcare, finance, and digital infrastructure, emphasizing the need for robust cybersecurity measures to protect essential services and the data they rely on. It requires organizations to take measures to effectively prevent and respond to cybersecurity incidents.

The NIS 2 Directive sets forth several key objectives, including:

  • Strengthening the security and resilience of information systems in critical infrastructure and digital service providers
  • Improving cooperation and information sharing among EU member states
  • Enhancing the overall cybersecurity posture of organizations falling under its scope

How Does NIS 2 Impact Critical Infrastructure Organizations?

Critical infrastructure organizations are among the most affected by the NIS 2 Directive, as they play a pivotal role in the functioning of society and the economy. The directive impacts various industries including, but not limited to:

  • EnergyEnergy providers and grid operators must ensure the stability and security of the energy supply. NIS 2 compliance requires them to have robust cybersecurity measures in place to prevent disruptions. 

  • Transportation – Transportation networks and services are essential for the functioning of society and the economy. NIS 2 mandates that organizations in this sector protect their systems and data from cyber threats.

  • Finance – Financial institutions, including banks and stock exchanges, are attractive targets for cybercriminals. The directive enforces stringent cybersecurity standards to protect financial systems.

  • Healthcare – Healthcare organizations handle sensitive patient data and depend on digital systems for patient care. NIS 2 compliance obliges them to secure this data and maintain uninterrupted services.

  • Water – NIS 2 affects water treatment plants and distribution systems by imposing cybersecurity standards to protect critical water infrastructure. Such organizations must implement robust cybersecurity measures to ensure the security and resilience of their operations, safeguarding against cyber threats that could disrupt the supply of clean and safe water to communities. 

  • Telecommunications – The directive affects telecommunications by requiring strict cybersecurity measures to protect critical communication networks and infrastructure. Telecommunications providers must ensure the security and availability of their services to prevent disruptions.
  • Digital services – NIS 2 affects EU digital services by enforcing cybersecurity standards on providers of online platforms, cloud computing services, and software marketplaces. These organizations must enhance their cybersecurity to protect user data and maintain service availability. 

  • E-commerce – The directive affects e-commerce by imposing cybersecurity requirements on online businesses, ensuring the security of payment and transaction data. NIS 2 compliance safeguards e-commerce operations and promotes user trust.

These critical infrastructure sectors are essential for the well-being of the population, the functioning of governments, and the stability of economies. As a result, the NIS 2 Directive places heightened importance on ensuring the cybersecurity of organizations operating within these sectors.


Achieve NIS 2 Compliance with these 10 Tips:

1. Stay Informed: Keep Up with NIS 2 Directive Updates

To achieve and maintain compliance with the NIS 2 Directive, it’s essential to keep up with directive updates to stay informed about changes and evolving requirements. The regulatory landscape can shift, and staying current is vital. Here are actionable insights to achieve this:

  • Subscribe to regulatory updates – Sign up for notifications from relevant government agencies and regulatory bodies to receive updates directly.

  • Join industry associations – Many industry associations monitor and communicate changes in regulations. Joining these associations can keep you well informed.

  • Engage with legal and compliance experts – Consult legal experts and compliance professionals, such as OTORIO, who specialize in NIS 2 compliance to effectively navigate the evolving landscape.

2. Assess your Current OT Infrastructure

Conduct a thorough assessment of your organization’s current OT infrastructure. This step is fundamental in understanding the state of your systems and identifying areas requiring improvement. Actionable insights include:

  • Asset inventory – Create an up-to-date inventory of all OT assets, including hardware, software, and data.

  • Vulnerability assessment – Identify vulnerabilities within your OT systems and prioritize remediation efforts.

  • Compliance gap analysis – Compare your current state to NIS 2 requirements to pinpoint areas of non-compliance and develop a remediation plan.

3. Identify Critical OT Assets 

Identify and prioritize your critical OT assets, as they are most susceptible to cyber threats. This includes systems and components that, if compromised, could result in significant consequences.

4. Develop a Comprehensive OT Risk Assessment

Conduct a comprehensive OT risk assessment that takes into account your identified critical assets. Assess the potential threats, vulnerabilities, and the impact of a cyber incident on your organization. This assessment will guide your risk management strategies.

5. Implement Robust Access Control Measures

Effective access control is essential to maintaining the integrity and security of your OT systems. Implement stringent access control measures, including user authentication, authorization, and monitoring. Ensure that only authorized personnel can access critical systems and data.

6. Establish an Incident Response Plan

Develop a well-defined incident response plan that outlines procedures to follow when a cybersecurity incident occurs. Ensure your response plan is up-to-date, and that staff members are trained to execute it effectively.

7. Invest in Continuous Monitoring and Threat Detection

Continuous monitoring of your OT systems is critical for early threat detection. Implement technologies and processes that can detect and respond to anomalies and potential cyber threats in real time.

8. Collaborate with Industry Peers and Authorities

Collaboration with industry peers and government authorities can provide valuable insights, threat intelligence, and best practices. Participation in information-sharing networks and industry associations can help strengthen your organization’s cybersecurity posture.

9. Remain Compliant with Reporting Requirements

Ensure that your organization complies with the NIS 2 Directive reporting and notification requirements. Timely reporting of incidents and vulnerabilities is important to maintain compliance.

10. Assess and Update your OT security Policies

Regularly review and bring current your OT security policies and procedures to align with changing regulations and evolving cyber threats. Conduct periodic security audits to assess compliance and effectiveness.


Implications of Non-Compliance with the NIS 2 Directive

Non-compliance with the NIS 2 Directive can have severe consequences. Organizations that fail to meet its compliance requirements can face consequences that include financial penalties, reputational damage, and potential disruptions to their operations. The NIS 2 Directive mandates that organizations subject to its requirements must be in full compliance by October 17, 2024. Failure to comply could result in:

  • Regulatory fines and penalties
  • Reputational damage and loss of trust from stakeholders
  • Increased cybersecurity risks and vulnerabilities
  • Legal liability in the event of cybersecurity incidents
  • Disruption to critical infrastructure services

Non-compliance not only poses financial and legal risks but also threatens the overall security and resilience of critical infrastructure, potentially impacting public safety and national security.


How OTORIO Ensures NIS 2 Compliance for Critical Infrastructure

OTORIO is a leading provider of industrial cybersecurity solutions; our approach to ensuring NIS 2 compliance for critical infrastructure organizations is rooted in expertise and a deep understanding of operational technology environments. OTORIO offers tailored risk management including risk assessments, continuous monitoring, and access control to help your organization effectively manage and mitigate cybersecurity risks. Our approach aligns with NIS 2 Directive principles and includes the following key components:


  • Comprehensive risk assessments – OTORIO conducts in-depth risk assessments to identify vulnerabilities, assess threats, and determine the impact of potential incidents on critical infrastructure.

  • Customized security solutions – OTORIO tailors security solutions to the unique needs of each critical infrastructure organization, addressing specific vulnerabilities and risks.

  • Incident response planning – We assist in developing and maintaining robust incident response plans to ensure organizations can respond effectively to cyber incidents.

  • Continuous monitoring – OTORIO provides continuous monitoring and threat detection services, enabling organizations to identify and respond to threats in real-time.

  • Regulatory compliance – We help organizations navigate the complexities of NIS 2 compliance, ensuring that your organization meets all requirements and reporting obligations.

OTORIO’s commitment to NIS 2 compliance and its expertise in industrial cybersecurity make it a trusted partner for critical infrastructure organizations seeking to enhance their cybersecurity posture and safeguard essential services they provide to society. By aligning with the NIS 2 Directive, your organization can prioritize cybersecurity, protect critical assets, and demonstrate its commitment to security and resilience.

Can your critical infrastructure organization benefit from OTORIO's expertise and experience needed to navigate the complex landscape of NIS 2 compliance? We provide the assurance of robust cybersecurity measures specifically tailored to the unique challenges of your industrial environment, helping your organization effectively safeguard its critical infrastructure. Speak to an OTORIO expert today.


Who needs to comply with NIS 2?

NIS 2 primarily applies to organizations operating critical infrastructure sectors that include industries such as energy, transport, healthcare, finance, and digital infrastructure. Compliance is essential for organizations that provide essential services and rely on digital systems to ensure the security and resilience of their operations.

What is the NIS 2 jurisdiction?

The NIS 2 Directive is a cybersecurity regulation that falls under the jurisdiction of the EU. It’s intended to enhance cybersecurity for critical infrastructure organizations operating within its member states.

How can my organization implement NIS 2?

Your organization should follow a structured approach that includes the 10 tips outlined above. NIS 2 compliance requires a proactive and ongoing effort to enhance cybersecurity and protect critical infrastructure.

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